1. Energy, shipping and finance are off limits The measures, timed to take effect after the stroke of midnight on Nov. 5, notably target Iran’s oil, port operators, shipping and shipbuilding companies, and the financial sector, chiefly insurers and dealings with Iran’s banks and central bank. Anyone who trades oil with Iran or engages with its banking system could face penalties. Non-American companies that violate the sanctions can be fined and excluded from the U.S. financial system—a big deterrent because most global companies need to be able to trade in dollars. Your browser does not support HTML5 video. 0:00 / 0:00 Skip Ad in 15 A combination of machine learning, big data and tens of millions of satellite images of the planet each day is bad news for carriers of Iranian crude oil trying to evade U.S. oil sanctions. Here’s why. 2. The U.S. wants to hit Iran where […]