Oil Companies Exploiting Famine And Financial Ruin In South Sudan

21 Apr 2017   Sudan

South Sudan’s vulnerable financial state is making the civil-war-torn state easy prey for opportunistic oil and gas companies that could be offering Juba a fraction of the energy profits they would earn under stable circumstances. The South Sudanese government and three humanitarian agencies declared a famine in some parts of the country in February , while the newly independent nation is desperately trying to bring its oil back online. A string of deals signed by President Salva Kiir over the past four months has demonstrated the country’s desperation for fresh streams of revenue as the civil war now approaches its four-year anniversary. “The government is working hard to reinvigorate the petroleum industry in South Sudan by creating an enabling environment for international oil and gas companies to invest and operate,” according to Petroleum Minister Ezekiel Lul Gatkuoth. “It is up to the oil companies to come in, explore and […]

Oil Workers Become A Priority Target In South Sudan Conflict

4 Apr 2017   Sudan

Attacks on foreigners working on South Sudan’s oil and gas facilities serve as a warning for multinationals to stay away from the new country’s national resources, just as oil prices recover enough for Juba to begin profiting from the oil sector. Rebels in the northern portion of South Sudan said they had captured two Indians and One Pakistani during fighting that neared oil assets last month. Most of the oil in the country holding sub-Saharan Africa’s third-largest reserves is pumped by China National Petroleum Corp., Malaysia’s Petroliam Nasional Bhd., and Oil & Natural Gas Corp. of India. “The opposition is continuing a tactic of disrupting and dissuading renewed engagement from oil companies in South Sudan,” Luke Patey, an analyst at the Danish Institute for International Studies told World Oil. There are faint signs that anti-government forces are willing to work with international organizations to remediate their image as an […]

South Sudan: Rebels Vow to Stop Oil Production

3 Apr 2017   Sudan

The main rebel group in South Sudan is threatening to disrupt oil production in the country, a day after it released three foreign oil workers it kidnapped earlier in the month. An official of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM IO) said the government is using oil revenue to purchase weapons and kill civilians. “People in South Sudan are not receiving their money (from oil revenue). This money is going to their pocket (of government officials) and for buying arms for killing our people. If we have chance to stop the oil production, we will do it,” said Dak Duop Bichok, the head of the SPLM IO’s committee for energy and mining Oil workers released Duop confirmed the rebel group has released three foreign oil workers it abducted in the Adar fields of oil-rich Upper Nile State earlier in March. VOA’s South Sudan In Focus obtained a […]

War-Ravaged South Sudan Draws $500 Million Oranto Oil Bet

29 Mar 2017   Sudan

Nigeria’s Oranto Petroleum International Ltd. plans to bet half a billion dollars that Africa’s newest nation can end a three-year civil war and create the conditions to revive its oil industry. Oranto, a closely held company part-owned by the Eze family that also has assets in Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria, plans to invest $500 million to develop the oil block awarded by South Sudan earlier this month. “We have faith that the differences in South Sudan will be brought to an end and that our exploration campaign will move smoothly,” said Oranto Chairman Prince Arthur Eze. “Over the medium to long term as South Sudan develops, security becomes stronger and export options increase, we expect the price of producing and operating in South Sudan to go down.” South Sudan is bidding to double crude production that plunged by at least a third to about 130,000 barrels a day since […]

Hunger Stalks World’s Youngest Capital as War Nears 4th Year

6 Dec 2016   Sudan

As South Sudanese homemaker Sarah Kiden stirs a boiling pan of lentils, she remembers when her five children could count on more than one meal a day. For the first time since the world’s newest country gained independence in 2011, hunger is stalking its capital, Juba, because of renewed violence and a deepening economic crisis. With her clothes-seller husband earning 200 South Sudanese pounds ($2.74) a day and food prices rising eight-fold in the past year, 32-year-old Kiden has little option but to cook a daily pot of stew, buy a few pieces of round flat-bread and hope it will sate her family’s appetite. “When we used to have breakfast and lunch then supper, all was good,” she said in an interview at her family’s one-room shack in Juba’s Munuki neighborhood. “Now the money can’t buy all those.” Civil war in oil-producing South Sudan has already claimed tens of […]

Sudan: Strike Over Fuel Subsidies Quietens Khartoum Streets

29 Nov 2016   Sudan

Public transport stayed off the streets, several squares and roads in Khartoum were deserted and many shops were shut in a mixed response to opposition calls for a nationwide strike against fuel subsidy cuts in Sudan. Schools in the city were open but many parents preferred to keep their children at home fearing clashes between protesters and security forces. The call for a three-day strike came after the authorities announced a 30-percent hike in petrol and diesel prices that has led to a sharp rise in the cost of other goods, including medicines. “Think, talk, plan, follow, discuss and never keep silent at all,” a Sudanese activist told Al Jazeera. “Your country is burning and being looted and people are now living in dire situation where there is no medicine. Let me ask you, Omar al-Bashir [President of Sudan], is this a way to treat people who have carried […]

Sudan: ‘Loss of Oil Constrains Sudan’s Growth Prospects’

10 Oct 2016   Sudan

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the loss of most of Sudan’s oil export potential has exacerbated the crises in the country. Sudan as a united country started producing oil in the 1990s, though the division of Sudan and South Sudan in July 2011 left most of the oil fields straddling the new border. The secession of South Sudan resulted in a loss of 80 per cent of Sudan’s oil export revenues. Oil still plays an essential role in the economy and policy adjustments in the wake of the birth of South Sudan had reduced inflation and supported recovery to some extent, the IMF stated in a report on its 2016 Consultation with Sudan. “Despite these efforts, however, large macroeconomic imbalances -triggered by the loss of three-quarters of oil exports- continue to constrain growth prospects, along with weak policies, internal conflicts, and US sanctions. “Low […]

Most of Sudan’s oil opportunities have vanished, IMF says

6 Oct 2016   Sudan

Conflicts and a lack of business opportunities in the oil sector creating economic headwinds for Sudan, the International Monetary Fund said. File Photo by Debbie Hill/UPI Fragility in Sudan brought on by regional conflicts is exacerbated by the loss of most of its oil export potential, the International Monetary Fund said. Sudan as a united country started producing oil in the 1990s, though the division of Sudan and South Sudan in 2011 left most of the oil fields straddling the new border. The split resulted in a loss of Sudan’s oil export revenue, which is down about 80 percent from before South Sudan became a nation. Oil still plays an essential role in the economy and the International Monetary Fund said policy adjustments in the wake of the birth of South Sudan had reduced inflation and supported recovery to some extent . “Despite these efforts, however, large macroeconomic imbalances […]

Cargo Headed for South Sudan Plunges to All Time Low on War

16 Aug 2016   Sudan

Port cleared 525 TEUs in July, from average 4,000 TEUs at peak Forex shortage hurting shipment through Kenya’s Mombasa port Imports to South Sudan through Kenya’s main port have fallen to the lowest-ever level as resurgent violence in the world’s youngest nation hurt the fledgling economy and sent traders and citizens fleeing. Only 525 twenty-foot equivalent units of cargo were cleared at the Mombasa port in July, compared with a monthly average of 4,000 TEUs in 2013, just before the nation descended into fresh fighting, according to Ayuel Mathach Deng, the government’s representative at the Indian Ocean port city. While landlocked South Sudan, which holds Africa’s third-biggest crude reserves, brings in most of its imports through Mombasa, it exports oil through its northern neighbor Sudan, from which it seceded in 2011 after decades of fighting. A civil war that began in December 2013 has driven up consumer prices — […]

Worse Fighting Could Halt South Sudan Oil Output, Monitor Says

2 Aug 2016   Sudan

African nation’s crude production already reduced by civil war Group observing peace deal sees possibility of larger battles Clashes between South Sudanese forces that re-erupted last month could escalate into larger battles and completely cut the African nation’s already diminished oil output, the group monitoring a peace deal said. South Sudan, which has sub-Saharan Africa’s third-biggest crude reserves, says it’s producing as little as 120,000 barrels a day because of a civil war that erupted in December 2013. A transitional government formed by President Salva Kiir and former rebel leader Riek Machar in April was thrown into turmoil by renewed fighting in the capital between forces loyal to the two men. About five days of violence in early July claimed at least 270 lives and sent Machar into hiding. Close all those tabs. Open this email. Get Bloomberg’s daily newsletter. Politics The latest political news, analysis, charts, and dispatches […]

Further Violence May Threaten South Sudan’s Capital, UN Says

14 Jul 2016   Sudan

Government’s death toll may be ‘tip of iceberg,’ Ladsous says Global body may reassess, strengthen mandate for UN mission The United Nations peacekeeping chief said the situation in South Sudan remains “fluid and uncertain” following days of fighting in the capital between forces loyal to the country’s leader and his deputy that claimed more than 270 lives. Clashes erupted in Juba on July 7 between President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar’s forces and continued sporadically until Monday, when both declared a cease-fire. Machar’s troops say they’ve withdrawn from the city and are urging the UN mission to step in and separate the two sides. Opposition forces are said to be scattered around the areas of Jebel and Yei road, near the capital, while Kiir’s troops have set up defensive positions on a major thoroughfare, the UN said . “Further clashes, therefore, cannot be ruled out,” Under-Secretary-General for […]

Killings Force Biggest African Companies to Close in South Sudan

13 Jul 2016   Sudan

Standard Bank, Old Mutual temporarily close Juba operations Kenya’s KCB moves staff to safety and reduces branch activity The biggest banks and insurers in Africa, including Old Mutual Plc and Standard Bank Group Ltd., are temporarily closing operations and evacuating staff after violence between rival political factions in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, left at least 272 people dead. The fighting disrupted operations of Standard’s CfC Stanbic Bank in Juba and action had to be taken to protect employees, the Johannesburg-based lender, Africa’s biggest by assets, said in an e-mailed response to questions on Tuesday. The branch will reopen “once the situation improves,” it said. Close all those tabs. Open this email. Get Bloomberg’s daily newsletter. Politics The latest political news, analysis, charts, and dispatches from the campaign trail. You will now receive the Politics newsletter Markets The most important market news of the day. So you can sleep an […]

South Sudan Leaders in Crisis Talks After Violence Kills 270

12 Jul 2016   Sudan

South Sudan’s leaders are in emergency talks after days of violence between rival factions in the capital left at least 272 people dead and stoked fears of a return to civil war, an ambassador for the oil-producing African nation said.  The capital, Juba, is calm after both President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar ordered their forces to maintain a cease-fire, South Sudanese Ambassador to Kenya Chol Ajongo told reporters Tuesday in Nairobi, the Kenyan capital.  Machar’s troops have been “dislodged” from their main base at Jebel and the rest of Juba following clashes with Kiir’s forces since Friday, according to Lul Ruai Koang, a spokesman for the president’s army. “They are on the run,” and the government will conduct searches for remaining fighters and assess the situation, he said by phone from the city late Monday.

Gunfire Rocks South Sudan Amid Fears of Return to Civil War

12 Jul 2016   Sudan

Fourth day of violence after hundreds killed over weekend U.S. orders evacuation of non-essential personnel from Juba Gunfire rocked South Sudan’s capital for the fourth day as the deaths of hundreds of people in violence over the weekend raises the specter of the oil-producing African nation returning to all-out civil war. Heavy fighting was heard in Juba on Monday, about four days after a shootout in the the city between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar, the former rebel leader. Army spokesman Lul Ruai Koang said the country “has gone back to war,” less than three months after the opposing sides agreed to form a transitional government to end a conflict that began in December 2013. The U.S. government ordered the evacuation of non-essential personnel from the capital and demanded an immediate end to fighting. State Department spokesman John Kirby said the U.S. has […]

Gunfire Rocks South Sudan Amid Fears of Return to Civil War

11 Jul 2016   Sudan

Gunfire rocked South Sudan’s capital for the fourth day as the deaths of hundreds of people in violence over the weekend raises the specter of the oil-producing African nation returning to all-out civil war. Heavy fighting was heard in Juba on Monday, about four days after a shootout in the the city between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar, the former rebel leader. Army spokesman Lul Ruai Koang said the country “has gone back to war,” less than three months after the opposing sides agreed to form a transitional government to end a conflict that began in December 2013. The U.S. government ordered the evacuation of non-essential personnel from the capital and demanded an immediate end to fighting. State Department spokesman John Kirby said the U.S. has […]

War-Torn South Sudan To Resume Oil Production In July

27 May 2016   Sudan

South Sudan’s transitional government has announced it will resume oil production by July after a halt of more than two years during a bloody civil war for control of the newly independent country’s oil wealth. Though production will resume by July, pumping at fields will not reach the levels of production they enjoyed at their peak in 2010 for some time. When South Sudan became independent in 2011, it gained not only sovereignty but control of about three-fourths of Sudan’s oil production, a devastating blow to Sudan’s economy. The IMF estimates that Sudan lost roughly 55 percent of its fiscal revenues and about two-thirds of its foreign exchange earnings. Sudan’s crude oil export revenues were dramatically slashed from a near $11 billion in 2010 to less than $2 billion in 2012. Related: Shell’s Job Losses Now Equal Facebook’s Entire Payroll The year it became independent […]

Sudan will never recover earlier production levels

24 Mar 2016   Sudan

South Sudan’s oil ministry has concluded that oil production is in quick decline, and future production will not reach even half of its peak 2010 levels even if all the oil fields began pumping again, according to ministry documents seen by Radio Tamazuj. South Sudan has developed oil reserves in Upper Nile and Unity states, but only fields in Upper Nile are currently producing due to insecurity in Unity state. Even if the Unity fields started production this year, oil production would quickly peak at no more than 175 thousand barrels per day, less than half of its peak annual average, 360 thousand barrels per day in 2009. Production would then drop rapidly to less than 100 thousand bpd by 2021 and under 50 thousand bpd by 2026, if no new reserves are discovered and developed, according to production charts included inside South Sudan’s annual crude oil marketing report […]

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan: Governments Sign Agreement Over Dam

30 Dec 2015   Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan

Leaders from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have signed an agreement designed to assuage Egyptian worries over the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Egyptian Streets reported Dec. 29. Egypt previously expressed concern over the dam’s storage capacity and its effect on Egyptian water security and energy production by Egypt’s Aswan High Dam. The new agreement, based on a preliminary deal the countries reached in March, stipulates that a French consulting firm will conduct research into the environmental impacts of the dam. Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt are all reliant on the water of the Nile, but as upstream nations, Ethiopia and Sudan have a distinct geopolitical advantage. Stratfor provides global awareness and guidance to individuals, governments and businesses around the world. We use a unique, intel-based approach to analyze world affairs. Copyright © 2015 Stratfor Global Intelligence, All rights reserved. Our mailing address is: 221 West 6th Street Suite […]

Scores killed as South Sudan factions resume fighting

3 Oct 2015   Sudan

Fifty-two soldiers and rebels have been killed in recent fighting in South Sudan’s contested state of Unity, said a military official Saturday, blaming rebels for the latest violation of a peace deal signed last month. Rebel forces have attacked positions held by government troops, killing 14 of them and wounding 42 others, military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer told The Associated Press. Government troops have killed 38 rebels and have captured two others along with 50 rocket-propelled grenades, he said. The clashes, which started Monday and continued Friday, took place in Leer and Koch, he said. The death toll of 52 was for fighting in Koch and not Leer, which government troops had to abandon under intense fire from the rebels. Aguer gave no civilian death toll from the fighting. Rebels are also mobilizing to attack government troops in parts of Upper Nile state, he […]

South Sudan Budgeted $850 Million to Crush Rebellion, UN Says

25 Aug 2015   Sudan

South Sudan, one of the world’s most corrupt and least developed countries, prepared an $850 million budget to crush a rebellion shortly after the insurgency began almost two years ago, the United Nations said. The supply of Israeli automatic rifles, Chinese missiles, Russian attack helicopters and amphibious vehicles “has been instrumental in prolonging and escalating the war,” now in its 21st month, and enabled large-scale violations of humanitarian law, according to a yet to be published interim report by the UN Panel of Experts on South Sudan. South Sudan’s pursuit of “greater air and riverine capacity” is part of a strategy against a mobile insurgency that relies on small arms, the UN says in the report, obtained by Bloomberg from a person who asked not to be identified because it hasn’t yet been made public. South Sudan army spokesman Philip Aguer said the military needed more weapons, gunships and […]

Sudan builds trenches around oil fields: minister

11 Jul 2015   Sudan

Sudan oil and gas minister Mohamed Awad Zayid has revealed that Sudanese security forces have dug trenches around oil fields on the border with South Sudan to fend off acts of sabotage. “The trenches will protect the oil fields from sabotage,” Zayid was quoted as saying by the state-owned Sudan Vision daily Friday. Zayid did not mention the oil fields nor the group or country that Sudan suspects of sabotaging the vital facilities. But the nearest oil fields, located on the Sudan-South Sudan border, is Heglig, which produces more than half of Sudan’s current total of 133,000 b/d of crude oil. Article continues below… Platts Global Alert is a complete real-time information service for the global energy industry, providing breaking reports of deals done, price indicators for crude and products and more than 200 end-of-day assessments. Heglig, whose ownership is being disputed by both Sudan and South Sudan, is […]

Report: South Sudan’s fate hinges on oil

27 May 2015   Sudan

The political unity holding South Sudan together may hinge on battles over oil-producing regions along the country’s northern border, an analyst said. When it gained independence from Sudan in 2011, the landlocked country gained control over much of the oil-producing regions, but Sudan maintained its grip on export infrastructure. Conflict erupted in South Sudan in 2013 when Salva Kiir, the country’s president, accused former Vice President Riek Machar of staging a coup. Rebel forces two years on are waging battle for control over Paloch near the Sudanese border, the only part of South Sudan still producing oil. “Oil is South Sudan’s bread and butter,” Luke Patey, a researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies in Copenhagen, told […]

South Sudan Repels Rebels’ Oil-Field Attack

22 May 2015   Sudan

South Sudan’s army has repelled a rebel attack on oil fields in Upper Nile state, allowing the country’s only functional crude oil facility to remain open, officials said Thursday. After capturing the Upper Nile state capital Malakal over the weekend, several thousand rebels loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar pushed toward the oil fields. But government troops backed by helicopter gunships, tanks and armored cars successfully defended one of the country’s major economic assets. “The rebels have been defeated” said military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer. “Oil fields are fully under our control”. By Wednesday evening both sides had lost dozens of fighters, but government troops beat back the rebel assault, the army and witnesses said. The rebel assault was […]

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan Sign Nile Dam Declaration

24 Mar 2015   Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan

Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia took a step Monday to defuse tensions around Ethiopia’s construction of a massive dam on the Blue Nile, which has threatened to upset the geopolitical balance in the region over how to share water from the River Nile. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and Ethiopian Prime Minister Halemariam Desalegn signed a declaration in Sudan’s capital Khartoum, pledging to better share the Nile’s waters, an Egyptian presidency official familiar with the matter said. Ethiopia has said the project is necessary to produce much-needed electricity, but the building of the dam has been controversial, with some scientists predicting it could disrupt the flow of the river into Egypt, where it provides much […]

South Sudan to Cancel Presidential Election Amid Civil War

14 Feb 2015   Sudan

South Sudan’s government plans to cancel presidential elections scheduled for June 30 and extend its own term by two years amid efforts to end the conflict in the oil-producing country. “In our quest for peace, the cabinet has decided to call off the elections and extend the lifespan of the elected positions so that we give peace a chance,” Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth told reporters today in the capital, Juba. The main opposition party welcomed the move. President Salva Kiir and the legislature’s tenures will be extended until July 9, 2017, Lueth said. Lawmakers will vote next week on a constitutional amendment for the government to continue without elections, he said in a phone interview. South Sudan has been engulfed by conflict since December 2013, when a power struggle within the ruling party turned violent. After Kiir arrested rivals for allegedly plotting a coup and ethnic […]

South Sudan’s Warring Factions Sign Peace Deal

23 Jan 2015   Sudan

Warring factions in South Sudan have signed an agreement to reconcile the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement party, officials said on Thursday, in the latest effort to resolve the conflict that has ravaged the oil-rich nation for more than a year. Under the deal, signed in the northern Tanzanian city of Arusha, the parties agreed to “reunify and reconcile” the three factions within the party, the Finland-based conflict-resolution group Crisis Management Initiative said in a statement. President Salva Kiir, signed the deal with his former deputy Riek Machar —now a rebel leader—and Deng Alor Kuol, the representative of former political detainees who were arrested shortly after the outbreak of the violence in December 2013. The deal outlines the road […]

South Sudan Signs Agreement With China’s CNPC to Boost Oil Production

23 Dec 2014   Sudan

ENLARGE Internally displaced South Sudanese receive cooking oil and food aid from the World Food Program in Bor, Jonglei state, on Dec. 10. The war-ravaged nation on Monday signed an agreement with China National Petroleum Co. in a bid to bolster oil production in the country. Reuters KAMPALA Uganda—South Sudan has signed an agreement with China National Petroleum Co., or CNPC, to boost oil production in at least three blocks, officials said Monday as the war-ravaged nation attempts to heal its battered oil industry. CNPC said in a statement that it would use heavy oil recovery technologies in ”stabilizing and increasing crude output” in the three blocks in the oil-rich but restive nation. The deal highlights how quickly China wants to restore South Sudan’s oil production which has slumped by a third since the outbreak of the conflict late last year, posing a threat to a vital source of […]

South Sudan Hires Ex-Blackwater Chief to Restore War-Hit Oil

18 Dec 2014   Sudan

The former head of U.S. security company Blackwater USA, Erik Prince, was hired by South Sudan to help repair damaged oil facilities and boost output cut by a year of civil war. Prince’s Frontier Services Group Ltd. (500) , a Hong Kong-listed logistics and transportation company, is being paid 18.7 million euros ($23.3 million) by South Sudan’s Ministry of Petroleum to transport supplies to and perform maintenance on the production facilities at the oil fields , Chief Executive Officer Gregg Smith said by phone from New York yesterday. About 30 employees including pilots, engineers and logistics technicians have been using helicopters and airplanes to reach South Sudan’s oil fields since September, Smith said. “This is not supporting the army,” Smith said. “The contract is clearly with the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining to support the oil field services and to make sure the production of oil keeps flowing.” South […]

China reviewing oil relationships with Sudan, South Sudan, researcher says

22 Oct 2014   China, Sudan

The Chinese government and China National Petroleum Corp. are reviewing their relationships with Sudan and South Sudan following years of growth that changed both sides, a researcher said at Johns Hopkins University’s School for Advanced International Studies . “Sudan was a launching pad for CNPC to become a global corporation through financial and resource benefits,” said Luke Patey, a senior researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies and author of “ The New Kings of Crude: China, Oil, and Civil War in Sudan and South Sudan .” “For much of the 2000s, CNPC took 40% of its oil from Sudan through subsidiaries as well as through the main subsidiary,” Patey said during an Oct. 20 event hosted by the SAIS China-Africa Research Initiative. “Things started to go bad for CNPC when the two Sudans signed a comprehensive […]

South Sudan’s Nov Dar Blend crude oil exports to fall 8.6% on month: sources

20 Oct 2014   Sudan

 South Sudan’s Nov Dar Blend crude oil exports to fall 8.6% on month: sources Singapore (Platts)–20Oct2014/538 am EDT/938 GMT An estimated 4.2 million barrels or 140,000 b/d of South Sudan’s Dar Blend crude oil is expected to be exported in November, down 8.7% from 4.6 million barrels due to be exported in October, trade sources said Monday. A total of five cargoes — two of 600,000 barrels and three of 1 million barrels — are scheduled for lifting in November, the sources said. Dar Blend is a heavy, acidic crude produced at the Block 3 and Block 7 oil fields in South Sudan’s Upper Nile State. Malaysia’s Petronas, which holds a 40% interest in Dar Petroleum Operating Company, on Monday issued a tender offering 1 million barrels of Dar Blend crude for loading over November 25-26. The tender will […]

South Sudan: Fighting Threatens Oil Fields in Upper Nile

22 Sep 2014   Sudan

Fighting has erupted around Renk, a key border town in Upper Nile state. South Sudan says opposition forces supported by the Sudanese government are making a push towards oil fields further south. According to a source within the government, forces loyal to former Vice President Riak Machar launched attacks on government troops near Agon-Bar, northeast of Renk on September 18. The rebel attack initially forced government troops to withdraw from the area. The South Sudanese troops then counterattacked, forcing the rebels to withdraw toward the Sudanese border. Renk sits near several oil fields in Upper Nile state, the largest of which is Palouge. The state is responsible for around 80 percent of South Sudan’s oil production. Fighting has since spread to oilfields near Palouge, according to sources in the area. A Member of Parliament, who is from the region and asked for his name not to be used, accused […]

China Deploys Troops in South Sudan to Defend Oil Fields, Workers

10 Sep 2014   China, Sudan

China began deploying 700 soldiers to a United Nations peacekeeping force in South Sudan to help guard the country’s embattled oil fields and protect Chinese workers and installations, a spokesman for the African nation’s president said Tuesday. The airlift of the Chinese infantry battalion to the South Sudanese states of Unity and Upper Nile, the site of the only operating oil fields still under the control of the central government in Juba, was expected to take several days, spokesman Ateny Wek Ateny said. While Beijing’s troops will operate under U.N. command, their posting to South Sudan marks a sharp escalation of China’s efforts to ensure the safety of its workers and assets in Africa and guarantee a steady flow […]

Sudan and South Sudan

4 Sep 2014   Sudan

Map of key oil infrastructure in Sudan and South Sudan Since its independence in 1956 from joint British and Egyptian rule, Sudan has experienced several armed conflicts that have affected the country’s economic development, particularly its natural resources. The longest conflicts in the unified Sudan were the two civil wars fought between the Northern Sudanese government in Sudan (1955-1972) and the government in Southern Sudan (1983-2005). The second civil war ended with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that was in place from 2005 to 2011.The CPA set standards for sharing oil revenue (50:50 split) and a timetable toward a referendum on the South’s independence. A referendum took place in January 2011 in which the people of the South voted to secede from Sudan. In July 2011, Sudan became two countries: Sudan (Khartoum as the capital) and South Sudan (Juba as the capital). The border separating Sudan […]

Exxon Ends Oil Search With Total in South Sudan as War Rages

15 Aug 2014   Sudan

Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) , the U.S.’s largest oil company, ended exploration plans with Total SA (FP) in South Sudan, Total and the government said, a sign of faltering investor confidence in the African nation as a civil war enters its eighth month. Exxon in April didn’t renew an agreement with Total to negotiate for joint-exploration over parts of a 120,000 square-kilometer (46,300 square-mile) concession in Jonglei state, Total spokeswoman Anastasia Zhivulina said in an Aug. 12 e-mailed response to questions. Total is still bidding to explore in partnership with Kuwait’s state-owned Kuwait Foreign Exploration Petroleum Co. she said. Exxon spokesman Patrick McGinn said by e-mail that the company doesn’t comment on specific ventures. “Losing the American oil company’s interest is definitely a blow for the future prospects of South Sudan ’s oil industry,” Luke Patey, a researcher on the country’s industry at the Danish Institute for International Studies, […]

South Sudan: Is South Sudan Falling Into Oil Resource Curse?

10 Jun 2014   Sudan

The notion of resource curse has engulfed African countries, which are rich in natural resources and heavily depend on revenues from these resources. The resource curse is characterized by poverty-stricken, corruption and violent. Relatively small group ( Elite ) captures vast wealth while leaving the entire society without basics need such as clean drinking water, electricity, shelter and consumption goods that define the absolute minimum resources necessary for long-term physical well-being. Political instability triggered the oil resource curse; the evident suggests that countries with bad institutions are likely to experience the natural resource curse. One of solution to get out from oil curse is to improve institutions, good governance, accountability and transparency. South Sudan can voluntarily signed up to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) promoted by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2002 that became an independent NGO in 2007. The main point of this is […]

South Sudan: Government Admits Conflict Has Hampered Oil Production

28 May 2014   Sudan

Juba — South Sudan government admitted on Sunday that the ongoing conflict has affected the country’s oil production, with production now at just 165,000 barrels per day. Petroleum minister, Stephen Dhieu Dau, told Sudan Tribune that the country continues receiving revenues from oil produced in Upper Nile state, where production rate is reportedly on the decline since no additional explorations takes place in the area. “The oil production is continuing in Upper Nile. The current output is not bad, but there is a drop. At the moment the level of output stands at 165,000 barrel per day from 245,000 barrels per day before the current crisis erupted last year”, said Dau. “This [oil] is produced in Paloch”, added the petroleum minister. He commended government troops for providing protection and defense to the only remaining oil wells in the country, despite several attempts by rebels to control it. “There is […]

Food Crisis Worsens in South Sudan as Civil War Is Displacing Millions

20 May 2014   Sudan

At the beginning of the rainy season every year, Nyaaker Onwar, 34, would plant the sorghum and vegetables, while her husband and eldest son herded the cows and caught fish from the White Nile. They ate what they produced, and when the harvest was bountiful, they sold the rest in a nearby market town. In February, armed men looted their cows, burned their fishing boat and kidnapped some of their relatives. Ms. Onwar fled with her husband and seven children to this village through rain and deep mud. She has been here for weeks with thousands of people displaced by South Sudan’s civil war. When she arrived, she was hungry, with no money and few options. “We had to sell our clothes to buy food,” she said. Five months of war in South Sudan has led to the deaths of thousands and the displacement […]

South Sudan Cease-Fire Proves to Be Short-Lived

15 May 2014   Sudan

An agreement for a cease-fire in South Sudan that was signed Friday barely made it into the new week before violence resumed in the seething conflict that has already left thousands dead and displaced more than 1.3 million people. A previous pact, signed in January, also failed almost immediately . As early as Monday, South Sudan’s minister of defense, Kuol Manyang, said there had been new fighting in Upper Nile State. On Wednesday, the government and the rebels accused each other of violating the short-lived accord. In an interview from Juba, South Sudan’s capital, Ateny Wek Ateny, a spokesman for President Salva Kiir, said the government had been attacked by the rebels, led by Riek Machar, the former vice president under Mr. Kiir. Yohanis Musa Pouk, a spokesman for Mr. Machar, asserted that Mr. Kiir had violated the cease-fire to avoid the establishment of an […]

U.S. Imposes First Sanctions in South Sudan Conflict

7 May 2014   Sudan

In its first use of economic sanctions against combatants in the bloody fighting in South Sudan , the Obama administration on Tuesday ordered asset freezes and travel bans on two individuals, one on each side of the conflict. The sanctions, which were announced by Secretary of State John Kerry , were imposed under an executive order President Obama signed a month ago in response to the violence that has killed thousands and displaced more than a million people. The announcement came as President Salva Kiir of South Sudan and Riek Machar, the rebel leader, agreed to face-to-face talks in Ethiopia, which are tentatively scheduled to be held on Friday. One of the targets of the sanctions was Marial Chanuong, the commander of the government’s presidential guard force, who Mr. Kerry said led attacks against civilians in and around Juba, the South Sudan capital. The other was Peter […]

South Sudanese Army Seizes Town Used as Base by Rebel Leader

6 May 2014   Sudan

South Sudanese government forces seized the stronghold of the country’s rebel leader and the capital of oil-rich Unity state from insurgents, drawing criticism from the U.S. for violating a January truce. Government forces yesterday retook Unity’s capital, Bentiu, and Nasir, the town in neighboring Upper Nile state used as a base by former Vice President Riek Machar, army spokesman Philip Aguer said by phone today from the national capital, Juba. Rebel spokesman Mabior Garang confirmed the army had recaptured the towns. “It’s not a fragile takeover,” Aguer said. Nasir is “very crucial because that was the headquarters of Riek Machar.” The government expects attacks on the oil-producing state to cease as a result, he said. Fighting erupted in the world’s newest nation on Dec. 15 with President Salva Kiir accusing Machar of leading a coup, a charge Machar denies. Violence has left thousands of people dead and forced more […]

South Sudan crisis: Bentiu government offensive falters

5 May 2014   Sudan

South Sudan troops trying to recapture the oil hub of Bentiu from rebels have been forced back amid heavy gunfire, a BBC correspondent says.  Government troops advanced towards the town centre over the weekend with an armoured column. But the BBC’s Alastair Leithead, who is in the UN compound on the outskirts, saw a contingent of troops in retreat.  The town has changed hands several times since fighting broke out in South Sudan last December.  Tensions came to a head after President Salva Kiir accused his sacked deputy, Riek Machar, of plotting a coup.  Rebel forces deny UN charges that they killed hundreds of peoplealong ethnic lines after seizing Bentiu in April.

S. Sudan Rebels Killed Hundreds on Ethnic Basis, UN Says

22 Apr 2014   Sudan

Rebels allied to former Vice President Riek Machar who seized the city of Bentiu last week killed hundreds of civilians seeking shelter there, after determining their ethnicity or nationality, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan said. “These atrocities must be fully investigated and the perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable,” Raisedon Zenenga, the officer in charge of the mission, said in a statement on its website late yesterday. Rebel forces said on April 15 that they had gained control of Bentiu, the capital of oil-rich Unity state, after clashes with government forces. The conflict in the world’s newest state, between factions loyal to President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Machar, erupted in December and has left thousands of people dead and driven a million from their homes, according to the UN. The UN mission said opposition forces entered a mosque in Bentiu where hundreds of […]

South Sudan: Dozens dead as group opens fire in U.N. base

19 Apr 2014   Sudan

At least 58 people were killed Thursday when a group of armed civilians pretending to be peaceful protesters delivering a petition to the United Nations in South Sudan  forced their way into a U.N. base sheltering some 5,000 civilians and opened fire, the world body said. Among those killed in the attack on the base in Bor in northern Jonglei state were 46 internally displaced persons and 12 attackers, according to the U.N. Mission in South Sudan. No U.N. staff were killed, they said.  Another U.N. spokesperson said about 100 had been injured. Two U.N. peacekeepers were wounded repelling the armed intruders, the U.N. said. The United Nations has reinforced security at Bor, and South Sudan’s government has sent troops to secure the base. More than 1 million people have fled their homes since  fighting erupted in the world’s youngest country in December between troops backing President Salva Kiir and soldiers loyal to his sacked Vice President […]

South Sudan: Bad News for Beijing As Machar Attacks Oil Fields

17 Apr 2014   Sudan

The current conflict in South Sudan has now lasted nearly half a year, killing thousands and displacing hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese. Oil, South Sudan’s only major source of revenue, has neither been the reason for nor the focus of the conflict up to this point. But this is rapidly changing as the flow and whereabouts of the oil revenue, as well as the security of the oil fields themselves, moves to the very centre of the conflict. Although production is only at half-capacity, oil revenue continues to fill Juba’s coffers with roughly $15 million a day. The income from the oil sector is the main financial support for the government of Salva Kiir in Juba and its armed fight against former vice president Riek Macher and rebel groups. Riek Machar has, in recent weeks, been struggling to maintain his fight against the government, in part due to […]

Sudan: Three-Month Crisis As Fuel Shortage Silences Water Pumps in Gireida, South Darfur

14 Apr 2014   Sudan

The displaced inhabitants of camps in Gireida locality, South Darfur, face an acute shortage of drinking water as a result of a lack of fuel. One of the camp sheikhs told Radio Dabanga that the crisis in the camp has entered its third month. This is in spite of the fact that the authorities levy fees from all the displaced families to provide fuel. He said that two tins of water from the station within the city now cost SDG 1.5 ($0.26). The sheikh appealed to the authorities to speed-up resolving the problem because the displaced lack the resources and the financial means to fetch water.   Copyright © 2014 Radio Dabanga. All rights reserved. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media ( ). To contact the copyright holder directly for corrections — or for permission to republish or make other authorized use of this material, click here. […]

South Sudan Ethnic Hatred Drives Rebel Leader’s White Army

1 Apr 2014   Sudan

Members of the White Army, which is a Nuer militia, as they prepare to travel from… Members of the White Army, which is a Nuer militia, as they prepare to travel from Nasir to fight at Malakal and Paloch, on March 26, 2014. Close Close Open Photographer: William Davison/Bloomberg Members of the White Army, which is a Nuer militia, as they prepare to travel from Nasir to fight at Malakal and Paloch, on March 26, 2014. Dozens of South Sudanese men chanted war songs, blew whistles and brandished AK-47 rifles with a longing for ethnic revenge. All members of the Nuer ethnic group, the troops of the so-called White Army who gathered by the Sobat River in eastern South Sudan are the strike force in rebel leader and former Vice President Riek Machar’s campaign against the government in Juba, the capital. They’re planning to march on […]

South Sudan’s Rebel Leader Machar Vows to Target Key Oil Fields

31 Mar 2014   Sudan

South Sudanese rebels plan to capture key oil installations to force President Salva Kiir to step down and end more than three months of conflict in the world’s newest nation, former Vice President Riek Machar said. Fighters allied with Machar, known as the White Army, are “mobilizing” to attack the Paloch oil fields that are the main source of revenue for the country’s military, the 60-year-old rebel leader said in a March 27 interview at his bush hideout in Upper Nile state. Machar fled the capital, Juba, in December after the government says he attempted a coup against Kiir. “We want to take control of the oil field,” said Machar, dressed in green military fatigues and wearing gold-rimmed sunglasses. “This is our oil. We must take control of Paloch to deny Salva Kiir revenue to buy more arms.” Upper Nile is South Sudan ’s only remaining crude-producing state after […]

South Sudan Troops Recapture Malakal From Rebels

21 Mar 2014   Sudan

South Sudanese troops recaptured Malakal, the capital of the state that is home to the country’s only functioning oil fields, ending more than a month of rebel occupation amid faltering regional efforts to broker a truce in the nearly four-month-old conflict. Government troops seized control of Malakal, located 400 miles north of the capital Juba, after a two-day gunbattle with rebels loyal to former vice president Riek Machar, military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer told The Wall Street Journal. Malakal, the capital of Upper Nile state, has changed hands several times since the conflict between rebel fighters and government troops erupted in mid-December, raising concerns over the safety of the vast oil fields in the beleaguered nation. “Our forces have finally taken full control of Malakal, the rebels are in disarray,” Col. Aguer said, adding that rebels had virtually “destroyed and looted everything” during their monthlong occupation. Review events […]

UN: Thousands killed and abused in S Sudan

19 Mar 2014   Sudan

Politically-fueled ethnic violence in South Sudan since mid-December has led to the brutal killing and abuse of thousands of civilians and sparked a government campaign to vilify the United Nations and harass UN personnel, the UN peacekeeping chief has said. Herve Ladsous told the UN Security Council on Tuesday that despite a January 23 ceasefire agreement, forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebel soldiers loyal to dismissed former vice president Riek Machar “continue to prioritise the pursuit of military gains over talks towards a comprehensive political settlement.” Fighting that broke out December 15 among presidential guards in the capital Juba quickly spread across the country and took on ethnic dimensions between the more populous Dinka tribe who support Kiir and the Nuer tribe loyal to Machar. He said prelimiary inquiry reports indicate that atrocities and very severe human rights violations were committed by both sides in the conflict, and he warned that the longer the fighting goes on “the […]

Artillery, machine gun fire rattle S Sudan capital

5 Mar 2014   Sudan

Heavy artillery and machine gun fire is echoing throughout the capital of South Sudan after violence broke out. Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth said Wednesday that the fighting broke out over an administrative pay issue but that the problem had been contained. Fighting, however, could still be heard around the military barracks where violence first broke out in mid-December and escalated into country-wide conflict that continues today. Soldiers are being quickly ferried around the city on the backs of trucks. Shops on a main street in the city have closed amid a general increase in security personnel. In Ethiopia, a leader for opposition forces said that mutineers in the army on Wednesday had pledged their allegiance to the country’s former vice president, who commands rebel forces. © 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten […]