Population

Exodus: Why Are People Compelled to Leave their Homes?

2 Nov 2017   Population

Facts are facts, and one of them is that while everybody talks about the growing forced movement of people –be they migrants or refugees—decision-makers haven’t seriously acted on the root causes of why millions of humans are compelled to leave their homes. There has been a surge in international migration in recent years, reaching a total of 244 million individuals in 2015. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015 – including refugees, internally displaced persons and asylum seekers. These figures have been repeated agin and again by the leading world specialised bodies and experts. Most importantly: they have also been explaining the major reasons behind such an unprecedented exodus. Climate Change Key Facts • In 2015, there were 244 million international migrants, representing an increase of 40% since 2000. They included 150 million migrant workers. • About […]

7.5 Billion People — That’s a lot!

30 Oct 2017   Population

As the inimitable Yogi Berra once said, “It’s tough to make predictions, especially about the future.” And indeed it is. Some guesswork is always involved and surprises crop up that change the course of events. Yet, it is probably clear to most of us that the world is likely to become an increasingly and unpleasantly crowded place as we move along through the 21st century. About 7.5 billion people share the earth with us right now, in 2017. That’s around twice the number that was here in 1970, 47 years ago. Roughly every 13 years since 1960, about a billion more people have come onboard, and this pattern continues. And we didn’t even arrive at our first billion until 1804, after existing for 75,000 years or so. The more folks we have, the more we’re going to get. It can’t go on and on like that forever. We are […]

Harsh realities of global food situation

26 Aug 2017   Population

It is now a well-known fact that humans are depleting vital groundwater resources across the globe. But a new study shows one of the biggest causes of disappearing groundwater is the international food trade. About 70 per cent of freshwater around the globe goes toward irrigation. Researchers from the University College, London and NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies found that a third of the freshwater is drawn from the world’s aquifers-nonrenewable underground pockets of groundwater-and 11 per cent of that nonrenewable groundwater is used to irrigate internationally-traded crops. This means in time, the current type of food that’s grown will not be able to be produced, or we’ll not have the same productivity – showing and indicating that prices will increase. As per latest assessments, global food production has been assessed to rise by 70 per cent by 2050 to cater for growth in the world’s population by […]

Gasoline demand from Mexican deregulation may pressure Colonial Pipeline

22 Aug 2017   Mexico, Population

A recent output disruption at Mexico’s largest refinery may have contributed to Colonial Pipeline’s June decision to cancel some shipping on its gasoline-only Line 1, USGC gasoline market sources have said. While this was an isolated event, growing Mexican import demand driven by deregulation could continue to put pressure on Colonial’s Texas-to-North Carolina Line, sources said. Colonial in June decided not allocate the 37th cycle on its Line 1, the first such decision since the line’s 42nd cycle in 2011. The disruption over June and July at Mexico’s 330,000 b/d Salina Cruz may have also compounded the overall economic challenges of the USGC-USAC arbitrage over the summer, the sources said, as Latin America became a bigger draw for USGC product. Article continues below… Stay on top of policies, pipelines and prices in a way that only Platts can cover them. Each report covers natural gas and LNG, crude oil […]

We are on a collision course between the demands of rising populations and the ability of our food resources to sustain themselves – and nitrogen use is the fault line

15 Jun 2017   Population

Humanity is facing an unprecedented dilemma — how to feed a burgeoning population while resources decline and the ability of the Earth’s ecosystems and atmosphere to absorb pollution diminishes. A scientific breakthrough made a hundred years ago is at the heart of the problem. The Haber-Bosch process enabled the use of fossil energy to transform atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can use. The resulting product, nitrogen fertiliser, enabled the Green Revolution, a massive increase in food production. Previously, nature had fixed atmospheric nitrogen mainly through leguminous plants, blue-green algae and lightning. But now, using fossil energy, the flux of anthropogenic nitrogen into the atmosphere, soils and water has increased tenfold over all natural sources. 1 Synthetic nitrogen has allowed the human population to reach double the 3.5 billion that could have been sustained without it. Since the discovery, population growth and the increase in nitrogen fertiliser production […]

Trump Aides Eye Reviving Keystone by Rescinding LBJ’s Order

24 Nov 2016   Population

Advisers to Donald Trump are exploring ways he can green light the Keystone XL oil pipeline on the day he is sworn into office, including by rescinding a 48-year-old presidential order. Two people familiar with Trump’s transition planning say the issue is actively being discussed, as the incoming president looks for ways to jump-start infrastructure development and deliver on a campaign promise to approve the pipeline that would connect Canadian oil sands with U.S. Gulf Coast refiners. Although details are still being developed, the strategy hinges on Trump rescinding a 1968 executive order that put the State Department in charge of permitting border-crossing oil pipelines, said the people, who spoke on the condition they not be named discussing internal deliberations. That directive, issued by President Lyndon B. Johnson, assigned the State Department responsibility for determining whether proposed projects serve the “national interest.” Trump’s actions wouldn’t guarantee the pipeline’s construction […]

Europe struggles to respond as migrants numbers rise threefold

19 Aug 2015   Europe, Population

More than three times as many migrants were tracked entering the European Union by irregular means last month than a year ago, official data showed on Tuesday, many of them landing on Greek islands after fleeing conflict in Syria. While the increase recorded by the European Union’s border control agency Frontex may be partly due to better monitoring, it highlighted the scale of a crisis that has led to more than 2,000 deaths this year as desperate migrants take to rickety boats. Italian police said they had arrested eight suspected human traffickers that they said had reportedly forced migrants to stay in the hold of a fishing boat in the Mediterranean as 49 of them suffocated on engine fumes. Some of those traffickers were accused of kicking the heads of the migrants when they tried to climb out of the hold as the air became unbreathable, prosecutor Michelangelo Patane […]

How Would We Provide Enough Energy For 11 Billion People?

31 Oct 2014   Population

Reconciling energy and environmental concerns was challenging enough when global population seemed headed for a plateau around 9 billion. A new forecast of up to 12 billion people by 2100 raises large questions about the capacity of current energy technologies to meet future global needs. The combination of forecasted global economic weakness and growing non-OPEC production continues to weigh on oil prices.  Brent crude has fallen below $90 per barrel , and the US benchmark has been flirting with $80. But just when the rapid growth of energy supplies has undermined the mood of energy scarcity that prevailed for the last four decades, a group of demographers has thrown us a curve ball , though admittedly a very long one. In the 1970s many people were concerned about a “population explosion.” Dystopian fiction–already a well-established sub-genre–featured visions of a grossly overcrowded future earth, along the lines of “ Soylent Green .” […]

Can 11 billion people survive on this planet?

6 Oct 2014   Population

By 2100, there could be an extra four billion people roaming the planet – making it difficult to discern whether Earth will have enough resources to support the birth of practically another planet-worth of people. (Earth hit four billion in 1974). That’s 11 billion people total, according to a new study by the University of Washington and the United Nations. The running estimate for total world population was that it would hover at 9 billion and then level off or decline, but the new UW study shows we are in for many more neighbors than that. Where they’ll be  Most of the growth will be in Africa, according to the UW study, where there is an 80 percent chance that the population will quadruple from around one billion to between 3.5 and 5.1 billion by the end of the century. Asia, […]

As World’s Population Booms, Will Its Resources Be Enough for Us?

22 Sep 2014   Population

There are some-more than 7 billion people on Earth now, and roughly one in 8 of us doesn’t have adequate to eat. The doubt of how many people a Earth can support is a long-standing one that becomes some-more heated as a world’s population—and a use of healthy resources—keeps booming. This week, dual opposing projections of a world’s destiny race were released. As National Geographic’s Rob Kunzig  writes here , a new United Nations and University of Washington  study in a biography Science says it’s rarely expected we’ll see 9.6 billion Earthlings by 2050, and adult to 11 billion or some-more by 2100. These researchers used a new “probabalistic” statistical process that establishes a specific operation of doubt around their results. Another investigate in a journal  Global Environmental Change projects that the global population will arise during 9.4 billion after this century and tumble next 9 billion by 2100, formed on a consult […]