Biofuels

It’s Final — Corn Ethanol Is Of No Use

16 Dec 2017   Biofuels

OK, can we please stop pretending biofuel made from corn is helping the planet and the environment? The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released two of its Working Group reports at the end of last month ( WGI and WGIII ), and their short discussion of biofuels has ignited a fierce debate as to whether they’re of any environmental benefit at all. The IPCC was quite diplomatic in its discussion, saying “Biofuels have direct, fuel‐cycle GHG emissions that are typically 30–90% lower than those for gasoline or diesel fuels. However, since for some biofuels indirect emissions—including from land use change—can lead to greater total emissions than when using petroleum products, policy support needs to be considered on a case by case basis” ( IPCC 2014 Chapter 8 ). In 2013 the U.S. used 4.7 billion bushels of corn (40% of the harvest) to produce over 13 billion […]

Oil Refiners And Farmers Battle Over Biofuels

5 Dec 2017   Biofuels

President Donald Trump has agreed to meet representatives of the U.S. oil refining industry and oil-supporting lawmakers to discuss the Renewable Fuel Standard Program—a meeting that could set the stage for negotiations over the U.S. biofuels policy that has been pitting the oil refining industry against the Midwest farm lobby. “The president was briefed, and has agreed on a meeting. Now it is just a matter of finding an hour window,” a source told Reuters last week, adding that he was told by the White House that the meeting would likely take place in the week of December 11. Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), oil refiners are required to blend growing amounts of renewable fuels into gasoline and diesel. The Midwest farm belt benefits from the policy, but the oil refiners do not—they lose petroleum-based market share of fuels and meeting the blending requirements costs them hundreds of […]

U.S. EPA ups biofuel targets slightly, draws scorn from refiners

1 Dec 2017   Biofuels

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said on Thursday it will require fuel companies to blend slightly more biofuels into the nation’s gasoline and diesel next year, angering oil refiners who view them as a competitive threat. The announcement follows weeks of lobbying by Midwestern lawmakers and representatives of the corn industry who wanted the agency to reject recent proposals from the oil industry to water down the U.S. biofuels mandates. Sponsored “Maintaining the renewable fuel standard at current levels ensures stability in the marketplace and follows through with my commitment to … upholding the rule of law,” EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt said in a news release. Pruitt is expected to travel to an invitation-only event in Iowa on Friday and highlight the administration’s commitment to the ethanol industry. The U.S. Renewable Fuels Standard requires refiners to blend increasing amounts of biofuels into the nation’s fuel supply every […]

U.S. biodiesel output falls to 147 million gallons in September: EIA

1 Dec 2017   Biofuels

U.S. biodiesel production fell to 147 million gallons in September from 149 million gallons a month earlier, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said in a report on Thursday. Soybean oil remained the largest biodiesel feedstock, with 604 million lbs used in September. In August, soyoil used in biodiesel production was 608 million lbs.

London’s Iconic Red Buses to Run on Biofuel Made From Old Coffee

21 Nov 2017   Biofuels

Bio-bean partnered with Shell on demonstration project London-based company also makes biomass pellets from coffee London’s iconic red double-decker buses will soon run on a biofuel partially made from old coffee grounds. The fuel will be supplied by a demonstration project set up by Bio-bean Ltd. , a London-based company that joined with Royal Dutch Shell Plc on the initiative. It will produce 6,000 liters (1,583 gallons) a year of the fuel. “It’s got a high oil content, 20 percent oil by weight in the waste coffee grounds, so it’s a really great thing to make biodiesel out of,” said Arthur Kay, founder of Bio-bean, in a phone interview. As public pressure mounts against using food for fuel, companies are increasingly focusing on biofuels made from waste such as used cooking oil and inedible plants. Some crops such as corn and sugarcane are made into ethanol to be burned […]

Biofuels: Can They Save the Airlines from the Seneca Collapse?

8 Nov 2017   Biofuels

That would leave only biofuels as a “sustainable” fuel that could power the current fleet of jet planes. Indeed, a small number of tests have been carried out showing that it is possible to fly planes using biofuels. But can it be done on the large scale needed to get rid of fossil fuels? The first problem is whether biofuels are truly carbon-free. Most likely, the current fuels made from crops are not ; in the sense that they involve extensive use of fossil fuels for their manufacturing. In many cases, however, even the current generation (“1st generation”) of biofuels can provide a significant saving in the use of fossil fuels for the same amount of energy produced. This is the case, in particular, for ethanol produced from sugarcane in Brazil. But there is a more fundamental question is: what would be the consequences of ramping up biofuel production […]

POET-DSM claims cellulosic biofuel breakthrough with new pretreatment system for increased production

7 Nov 2017   Biofuels

POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels says it has achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its Project LIBERTY plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. ( Earlier post .) The company has solved the critical challenge in pretreatment, overcoming what has been the primary hurdle to commercialization for producers around the world. Project LIBERTY is now running pretreatment at 80% uptime. Pretreatment is the first stage in cellulosic biofuels production, in which the feedstock (corn cobs, leaves, husk) is processed so that enzymes and yeast can access the cellulosic sugars and ferment them into biofuel. POET-DSM and other producers have identified this stage in the past as the major chokepoint in commercial production. With a […]

Ethanol-based fuel becomes top-selling petrol in France

7 Nov 2017   Biofuels, France

Gasoline containing up to 10 percent of ethanol has become the top-selling petrol in France, its largest market in the European Union, helped by a tax break that made the crop-based fuel more attractive to drivers, French ethanol producers said on Tuesday.  Sales of unleaded SP95-E10 accounted for 38.5 percent of total petrol sales in France in September, the Bioethanol Collective said in a statement.

Aemetis signs 20-year feedstock supply agreement to produce cellulosic ethanol

4 Nov 2017   Biofuels

Aemetis, Inc. announced that its Aemetis Advanced Products Keyes subsidiary signed a 20-year feedstock supply agreement to produce cellulosic ethanol at a former US Army munitions facility located in Riverbank, California, which is near the existing Aemetis biofuels plant in Keyes, California. The cellulosic ethanol biorefinery will use patented and proprietary process technologies developed by Aemetis, Lanzatech, and InEnTec to convert waste orchard wood and nutshells into low carbon cellulosic ethanol. The feedstock to be supplied comes from the more than 1.6 million tons of waste orchard wood and nutshells that are generated each year from approximately 1 million acres of almond, walnut, and pistachio orchards in the Central Valley. Aemetis’ price of the feedstock is approximately $20 per ton delivered for the first ten years. As […]

DuPont to sell cellulosic ethanol plant in blow to biofuel

3 Nov 2017   Biofuels

DuPont Industrial Biosciences, a unit of DowDuPont Inc, on Thursday said it halted operations at a two-year-old ethanol plant and will sell it, dealing another blow to efforts to create biofuels without using food crops. The decision to shut the Iowa plant comes as political winds are undercutting efforts to produce ethanol from plant waste and wood shavings. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) this year has pushed to lower the amount of cellulosic biofuels that need to be blended into the nation’s fuels under a 2007 mandate, arguing the industry has not produced enough. DuPont spent about $225 million to build the facility, which used corn stalks and stems to make ethanol, which is blended into gasoline. The plant was designed to produce 30 million gallons a year. The EPA predicted in 2007 that U.S. cellulosic ethanol production could hit 1 billion gallons by […]

ExxonMobil and Renewable Energy Group report progress in cellulosic biodiesel research

2 Nov 2017   Biofuels

ExxonMobil and Renewable Energy Group (REG) announced that by utilizing REG’s patented fermentation technology, the companies’ joint research program has demonstrated the ability to convert sugars from a variety of non-edible biomass sources into biodiesel. ( Earlier post.) During their initial research, the companies successfully validated the feasibility of the REG Life Sciences fermentation technology across multiple cellulosic sugar compositions produced with a variety of methods from various non-edible biomass sources. The research also confirmed REG Life Sciences technology is capable of achieving substantial reductions of full-lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional diesel fuel. Our first challenge during the initial research was to determine technical feasibility and potential environmental benefits. We’re optimistic as the results indicate good potential for advancing the technology, and we look […]

You Won’t Guess Who Just Saved America’s Biofuels

31 Oct 2017   Biofuels

Dr. Kent Moors is an internationally recognized expert in oil and natural gas policy, risk management, emerging market economic development, and market risk assessment. His… And the latter has one decisive advantage over solar or wind (or geothermal for that matter)… Biomass remains the only renewable source that can be turned directly into liquid fuel. That makes biofuels the only “renewable” power source that can directly fuel today’s cars, planes, and ships. But how that translates into what we see in the marketplace has been a source of friction for years. This involves the system created 12 years ago that mandates how much ethanol must be mixed in the gasoline sold at retail nationwide. That policy has been a political football, pitting oil-producing states – who want as much petroleum-based product in gasoline as possible – against agricultural states – who want as much biofuel as possible to be […]

Study: expanding Brazilian sugarcane for ethanol could reduce global CO2 emissions by up to 5.6%

25 Oct 2017   Biofuels, Brazil

Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global CO 2 emissions by as much as 5.6%, according to a new study by an international team led by researchers from the University of Illinois. This would be a massive undertaking, involving the conversion of hundreds of thousands of square miles—at its most ambitious, more than the combined land area of Texas and California—to sugarcane fields. However, it could be accomplished without impinging on environmentally sensitive areas in Brazil and while allowing for the expansion of other agricultural crops and human needs, the researchers report in a paper in the journal Nature Climate Change . The carbon-related costs of converting the land to sugarcane fields were included in the analysis. The team looked at three scenarios that would increase the sugarcane footprint in Brazil between 37.5 million and 116 million hectares (144,788 to 447,879 square […]

How the Farm Belt Pressured Trump and Beat the Oil Industry

25 Oct 2017   Biofuels

Midwestern politicians used leverage to halt biofuel changes Trump told EPA’s Pruitt to keep Iowa Senator Grassley happy Farm-state interests just conquered Big Oil in a fight over biofuels, proving that in Donald Trump’s Washington, King Corn still reigns. The clash erupted over the future of the Renewable Fuel Standard, a 12-year-old law that compels the use of fuels such as corn-based ethanol and soy-based biodiesel. Although the president had repeatedly promised Midwest voters he would “protect” ethanol and support the program, his Environmental Protection Agency was considering steps to dilute the mandate. Farm-state governors and senators revolted — setting off a behind-the-scenes struggle between two special-interest heavyweights. Lobbyists for oil refiners warned of higher gasoline prices if the administration backed down. Iowa leaders countered that Trump could face political retribution in 2020 during the state’s first-in-the-nation caucuses. Republican senators threatened to delay confirmation of the president’s nominees. “I […]

Pennsylvania governor seeks relief for local refiners from renewable fuel rule

24 Oct 2017   Biofuels

Pennsylvania’s governor asked U.S. President Donald Trump to ease up on the state’s oil refiners by waiving a rule requiring them to add renewable fuel to their products, following a week of pressure from farm-belt politicians not to change the rule, according to a letter released to the public on Monday. Tom Wolf, a Democrat, wrote to Trump, a Republican, on Friday asking him to urge the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to waive the renewable fuel requirement for all refiners in the U.S. Northeast until prices fall in a market where renewable fuel credits are traded. The market, where refiners can buy Renewable Identification Number credits to comply with their renewable fuel obligation, has attracted speculators, driving RIN prices higher. “The high cost of compliance with the Renewable Fuel Standard…is undermining the continued viability of the oil refining sector in the Northeast,” Wolf wrote. “What […]

Iowa governor says Trump, EPA chief promise to protect US ethanol law

19 Oct 2017   Biofuels, USA

Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds said President Donald Trump and the head of the US Environmental Protection Agency both promised to protect the US biofuel mandate in calls to her Wednesday, despite recent signs the administration may want to weaken the law. “Both of them personally affirmed to me their continued commitment to the Renewable Fuel Standard,” Reynolds said in a press conference after calls with the White House and EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. Markets for Renewable Identification Numbers, or RINs, did not react sharply to the news. White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said Trump “didn’t make any assurances” on the RFS during the call with Reynolds. Article continues below… Request a free trial of: Biofuelscan Would you like to get a closer look at Platts Biofuelscan? Use the request a free trial link and we will send you five issues free for your review. Biofuelscan covers the latest worldwide […]

New Form Of Alternate Energy To Power International Horse Show

5 Oct 2017   Biofuels, Finland

A Finland utility is expected to use horse manure to power the entire Helsinki International Horse Show later this month, according to a press release from Finnish utility, Fortum. And while the jokes practically write themselves, the headway of this alternative energy is serious business. The entire event will be powered by a manure/wood-based bedding combination—all 135 tonnes that will be generated during the event by the 250 horses attending—from lighting, scoreboards, and more. Electricity consumption at the event is expected to be about 140 MWh. The energy output would require the equivalent of the annual manure output of 14 horses. The poop-bedding mixture will be transported from the event by Fortum HorsePower to Fortum’s power plant where it will be used to produce the energy needed. “I am really proud that electricity produced with horse manure can be utilized for an event that is important to equestrian fans […]

Trump Told Iowa He’d Save Ethanol. His EPA Chief Has Other Ideas

30 Sep 2017   Biofuels, USA

As he sought votes during last year’s Iowa caucuses, candidate Donald Trump courted farmers with praise for ethanol and promises that he would boost the home-grown fuel. Now those farmers and other biofuel supporters say the people President Trump has put in charge of the issue in Washington are instead boosting their fossil-fuel rivals. “This seems like a bait-and-switch,” Iowa’s senior Republican senator, Chuck Grassley, said on the Senate floor this week. “Big Oil and oil refineries are prevailing, despite assurances to the contrary.” The issue is politically precarious for Trump, as it pits the oil industry against Midwest voters who helped elect him. Trump repeatedly vowed to “protect” ethanol. But he loaded his cabinet with allies of the oil industry, which views the Renewable Fuel Standard that mandates biofuel use as costly and burdensome. Ethanol producers are most vexed by Scott Pruitt, the head of the […]

Japan fires up biomass energy, but fuel shortage looms

22 Sep 2017   Biofuels, Japan

As the sun sets on Japan’s solar energy boom, companies and investors are rushing into wood-burning biomass projects to lock in still-high government subsidies. More than 800 projects have already won government approval, offering 12.4 gigawatts (GW) of capacity — equal to 12 nuclear power stations and nearly double Japan’s 2030 target for biomass in its basic energy policy. The sheer number of projects has raised questions about how they will all find sufficient fuel, mostly shipped in from countries like Canada and Vietnam, while some experts question the environmental credentials of such large-scale plants. The projects approved to date that use general wood fuel would need the equivalent of up to 60 million tonnes of wood pellets, compared with […]

Refiner Valero’s secret campaign against U.S. biofuels mandates

22 Aug 2017   Biofuels

U.S. biofuels regulations, which mandate mixing corn-based ethanol into gasoline, have lately drawn together a diverse cast of political opponents. They include an upstart gas station owners’ trade group, a former Obama administration environmental adviser and billionaire activist investor Carl Icahn, who owns a refiner and served as U.S. President Donald Trump’s special advisor on business regulation – until he resigned Friday amid allegations of a conflict of interest. Even the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), a leading biofuels industry group, recently dropped its opposition to policy changes sought by this ad hoc coalition. These players would seem to have few shared interests, but they share one key connection – close ties to Valero Energy Corp. ( VLO.N ), America’s largest oil refiner. As part of an extensive behind-the-scenes […]

EPA erred in denying renewable fuel hardship exemption: courts

16 Aug 2017   Biofuels

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency used too strict of a test when it wrongfully denied Sinclair Oil’s request for an exemption from the country’s biofuel regulations, a U.S. appeals court ruled on Tuesday. The ruling could potentially broaden the rules governing such exemptions, forcing the EPA to grant more in future years under the controversial Renewable Fuel Standard program. The EPA denied Sinclair’s request for an exemption from a U.S. policy that requires refiners to blend biofuels like ethanol into their fuel pool or buy credits from those who do. The EPA ruled Sinclair did not qualify for an exemption under the policy’s hardship waiver for small refiners as the company’s two Wyoming plants were profitable and would not be forced to close if they participated in the program. But the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver ruled on Tuesday the threat of […]

Trump May Have to Boost Biofuel After Court Deals Blow to Oil

29 Jul 2017   Biofuels

The Trump administration may have to reconsider its proposal from earlier this month to curb biofuel use after a U.S. appeals court in Washington ruled that the Environmental Protection Agency doesn’t have the authority to cut quotas while citing inadequate domestic supply. Issued Friday, the unanimous ruling by a three-judge panel comes amid conflicting legal challenges to actions taken by the EPA. Some factions claim the agency set renewable fuel requirements too high, while others said they’re too low. Shares of ethanol producers rose on the news while refinery stocks declined.  U.S. Circuit Judge Brett Kavanaugh wrote that EPA isn’t allowed “to consider the volume of renewable fuel that is available to ultimate consumers or the demand-side constraints that affect the consumption of renewable fuel by consumers.”

Trump Is Reneging on His Promise to the Midwest, Biofuel Industry Says

27 Jul 2017   Biofuels

As a presidential candidate, Donald Trump spent a lot of time currying the favor of the ethanol industry, barnstorming its rural Midwest base and repeatedly expressing his support for biofuels made from corn and soybeans. He was rewarded in November: Of the 184 counties with an ethanol plant in the U.S., 95 percent voted for Trump, according to data compiled by the Renewable Fuels Association . An error has occurred You have 1 free Businessweek article left. Register for more. Register or Sign In Already a subscriber? Link your Bloomberg Terminal account or your Businessweek subscription account to access all articles. As president, Trump has continued to pledge that he’ll protect the Renewable Fuel Standard, the 2005 law that requires U.S. oil refineries to blend increasing amounts of ethanol and biodiesel into the nation’s fuel supply. In its 12-year history, the RFS has gained critics on both sides of […]

EPA Proposes Cut in Biofuel Requirements

7 Jul 2017   Biofuels

The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed a reduction in the amount of biofuels required to be added to gasoline, Reuters reports , in what could be a first step towards a wider reform of the authority’s biofuel rules. Currently, the Renewable Fuel Standard, which was introduced back in 2005, requires that gasoline in the U.S. must be blended with biofuels. The amount of biofuels was planned to gradually increase on an annual basis, to reach 36 billion gallons in output in 2022. As Reuters notes, however, the EPA’s proposal will actually lower the requirements for “renewable fuels” 2018. The EPA’s head Scott Pruitt announced the authority will be revising all future biofuel production and use targets, which naturally draw praise from the oil industry, but reining hellfire down from irate corn farmers as corn-based ethanol is the dominant biofuel of its type in the U.S. Environmentalists seem to have […]

Is This Exxon’s Secret Weapon Against Electric Cars?

3 Jul 2017   Biofuels

This month, it was ExxonMobil’s turn to report a breakthrough in advanced biofuels. Exxon said that it had found a way to make algae ‘fatter’, and those algae could become part of the (distant) future energy mix, could cut carbon dioxide emissions, and would not compete with food crops like other biofuel sources. Exxon and Synthetic Genomics have been partners since 2009 in researching and developing oil from algae to be used as a renewable, lower-emission alternative to traditional transportation fuels. By using advanced cell engineering technologies at Synthetic Genomics, the joint research team has just modified an algae strain to enhance the algae’s oil content from 20 percent to more than 40 percent, Exxon said. But the U.S. oil supermajor was quick to note that, referring to the fatter-algae strain, “technology is still many years from potentially reaching the commercial market.” If at some point in the future […]

Finally, a Biofuel to Get Excited About

24 Jun 2017   Biofuels

Most biofuels news is bad—our current national program incentivizes the production and consumption of corn-based ethanol that somehow manages to increase food prices, increase gas prices, hurt American refineries, and hurt the environment. It’s a boondoggle, plain and simple. But not all biofuels are terrible. You can distill ethanol from cellulosic crops, an option that’s both green and beneficial to farmers. Scientists have also been working hard to figure out how to use algae to create oil, and as the FT reports , a team from ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics just made an algal breakthrough: Scientists at Synthetic Genomics, the biotech company founded by genomics pioneer Craig Venter, used advanced genetic engineering to double the oil content of their algal strain from 20 to 40 per cent, without inhibiting its growth. The findings are published in Nature Biotechnology on Monday. […] Previous attempts to boost the oil concentration in […]

ExxonMobil Announces Breakthrough In Renewable Energy

20 Jun 2017   Biofuels

Synthetic Genomics and ExxonMobil’s partnership bore fruit on Monday, said a press release that announced the development of a modified algae strain that could push algae-based energy closer to being a commercially viable alternative energy source. The only way forward for algae-based energy to become commercial is if a high content strain that grows quickly is discovered. SG’s advanced cell engineering technologies has now managed to enhance the algae’s oil content from 20 to 40 percent, according to an official report published in the peer-reviewed Nature Biotechnology journal. The latest discovery moves the green fuel source closer to that mass market utilization. “We remain convinced that synthetic biology holds crucial answers to unlocking the potential of algae as a renewable energy source ,” said J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., Synthetic Genomics co-founder and chairman. “ We look forward to continued work with ExxonMobil so that eventually we will indeed have […]

Fattened, Genetically Engineered Algae Might Fuel the Future

20 Jun 2017   Biofuels

The future of fuel is green, slimy, and reeks of fish. “Fish smell like fish because fish eat algae,” says Imad Ajjawi, a geneticist at the synbio company Synthetic Genomics in La Jolla, CA that grows those smelly photosynthesizers. This algae is also fatty, which probably isn’t a word you’d typically associate with the goopy, mucky organism. But scientists like Ajjawi have spent decades dreaming about algae this fat. Because fat is essentially oil, fatty algae could be the world’s most successful fuel crop. Ajjawi and his colleagues spent nearly a decade tweaking an algae genome so it produces more than twice as much fat than wild versions of the same species, and Monday they described their efforts in an article published in Nature Biotechnology . Algae are similar to plants, in that they need nutrients, carbon dioxide, and sunlight to survive. If you starve them of nutrients—think nitrogen, […]

U.S. oil refiners push for biofuels overhaul at White House

25 Mar 2017   Biofuels

U.S. oil refining executives met with a senior official in President Donald Trump’s administration at the White House last week to argue their position for an overhaul of the nation’s biofuels program, two people in the meeting told Reuters. While it is not unusual for the White House to meet with stakeholders on key issues, the meeting is a sign the Trump administration is actively considering possible changes to the wide-reaching program. Executives from Valero Energy Corp, Delta Airlines’ refiner Monroe Energy, CVR Energy Inc. and several others met with Michael Catanzaro, Trump’s senior energy policy aide, on March 16, the two attendees said. The executives argued that Trump should change the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program to lift the onus of blending biofuels into gasoline away from refiners, placing it instead further down the supply chain to gasoline marketers. They said the program was costing the oil refining […]

U.S. refiners’ biofuel bill soars to record high as debate heats up

11 Mar 2017   Biofuels

Oil refiners shelled out a record over $2 billion to meet U.S. biofuels requirements in 2016, a 70 percent surge that helps fuel a growing debate over who should shoulder the costs for meeting environmental regulations. A Reuters review of regulatory filings from ten refiners, including Valero Energy Corp and CVR Energy Inc, showed that they paid $2.22 billion last year for compliance credits that companies use to prove they are meeting annual government requirements for volumes of biofuels to be blended with gasoline and diesel. That was 68 percent more than in 2015 and well above the previous record of $1.3 billion reached in 2013, when prices for paper credits, which trade in an opaque market, spiked to historic levels. […]

Trump to shift biofuel blending burden off refiners: U.S. ethanol group

1 Mar 2017   Biofuels

The head of the Renewable Fuels Association said on Tuesday that U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration would lift the responsibility for fuel blending off refiners, which had long requested this change to the nation’s biofuel program. The news sent prices of compliance credits used to meet annual standards tumbling to as low as 30 cents apiece on Tuesday from 47 cents to 48 cents previously. The Renewable Fuel Standard requires that fuel companies use increasing amounts of biofuel blended with gasoline and diesel. Oil refiners, including Valero Energy Corp ( VLO.N ) and CVR Energy Inc ( CVI.N ), had long sought the change, saying the biofuel program hits them with burdensome costs. Renewable Fuels Association Chief Executive Officer Bob Dinneen said a […]

Refiners Pare Gains as Trump Denies Change to Biofuels Rules

1 Mar 2017   Biofuels

Shares of U.S. refiners pared gains late Tuesday after President Donald Trump’s administration denied that it was considering a proposal to change biofuel blending rules. Billionaire investor Carl Icahn and the leading U.S. biofuel trade group struck a deal to revamp a law that mandates oil refiners to either blend petroleum-based fuels with ethanol and biodiesel, or buy blending credits called RINs, according to people familiar with the agreement, and the shares rose earlier in the day on the news. They slipped after the White House said there was no deal. Merchant refiners including Icahn’s CVR Refining and Valero Energy Corp . would benefit from a deal. Gasoline blenders that operate fuel stations such as Casey’s General Stores Inc. and Murphy USA Inc. would have to shoulder the costs. Ethanol blending credits for 2017 compliance fell by nearly 35 percent Tuesday to 30 cents each, the lowest on record […]

Oil industry infighting heats up as EPA weighs biofuels rule change

24 Feb 2017   Biofuels

Oil companies showed deepening divides on the future of the U.S. biofuels program in solicited comments from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over a plan sought by some refiners to shift the program’s financial burden to retailers and blenders. All sides are pushing hard, seizing the opportunity to test President Donald Trump’s commitment to the program. Trump has supported the program, but top figures in his administration have criticized it. Refiners, integrated oil companies, fuel retailers and biofuels manufacturers flooded the EPA with comments on its plan to deny requests from refiners to tweak the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) by pushing the compliance burden further downstream. Within the oil industry, the fight pits Valero Energy Corp and billionaire Carl Icahn against refiners like Marathon Petroleum Corp. Biofuels advocates are worried about losing progress into the U.S. fuel stream since lawmakers established the RFS program in 2005 under then […]

Trump faces dilemma as U.S. oil reels from record biofuels targets

29 Nov 2016   Biofuels

U.S. President-elect Donald Trump gestures from the front door at the main clubhouse at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey, U.S., November 20, 2016. The Obama administration signed its final plan for renewable fuel use in the United States last week, leaving an oil industry reeling from the most aggressive biofuel targets yet as President-elect Donald Trump takes over. The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program, signed into law by President George W. Bush, is one of the country’s most controversial energy policies. It requires energy firms to blend ethanol and biodiesel into gasoline and diesel. The policy was designed to cut greenhouse gas emissions, reduce U.S. reliance on oil imports and boost rural economies that provide the crops for biofuels. It has pitted two of Trump’s support bases against each other: Big Oil and Big Corn. The farming sector has lobbied hard for the maximum biofuel volumes […]

Trump faces dilemma as U.S. oil reels from record biofuels targets

The Obama administration signed its final plan for renewable fuel use in the United States last week, leaving an oil industry reeling from the most aggressive biofuel targets yet as President-elect Donald Trump takes over. The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program, signed into law by President George W. Bush, is one of the country’s most controversial energy policies. It requires energy firms to blend ethanol and biodiesel into gasoline and diesel. The policy was designed to cut greenhouse gas emissions, reduce U.S. reliance on oil imports and boost rural economies that provide the crops for biofuels. It has pitted two of Trump’s support bases against each other: Big Oil and Big Corn. The farming sector has lobbied hard for the maximum biofuel volumes […]

US lifts biofuel mandate in blow to oil companies

24 Nov 2016   Biofuels

The White House handed a victory to the corn ethanol industry and dismayed oil companies by requiring US cars and trucks to burn more biofuels next year.  The rule finalised on Wednesday will require a 6 per cent increase in the use of renewable fuels to 19.28bn gallons in 2017. While well below the 24bn gallons originally mandated by law, it nevertheless drew cheers from biofuel advocates fighting limited domestic distribution of their product.  The US renewable fuel standard (RFS) set out ambitious targets for biofuel consumption when passed by Congress in 2007. Ethanol and biodiesel are blended with conventional petrol and diesel for use in vehicles. But the targets became unachievable as engines grew more efficient and national fuel consumption stalled after the financial crisis. The oil industry’s refusal to add more than 10 per cent ethanol to most of its petrol further capped demand. As well, the development of cellulosic ethanol made from fibrous biomass-like stalks and switchgrass has fallen short of early hopes. The Environmental Protection Agency has tried to boost volumes while acknowledging market realities.

EPA Completes Rule Requiring More Ethanol Blended Into 2017 Gasoline Supply

24 Nov 2016   Biofuels

Federal regulators finalized a rule Wednesday that raises the amount of ethanol refineries must blend into the nation’s gasoline supply, providing a boost to ethanol companies and drawing criticism from an oil industry that opposes higher levels. The Environmental Protection Agency issued a final regulation, first proposed in May , requiring refineries to blend 19.28 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol and other biofuels into the gasoline supply in 2017. That amounts to 1.17 billion gallons more than the requirement for this year, which was 18.11 billion gallons , but it is far less than the 24 billion gallons envisioned by a 2007 law. The EPA is using a waiver in that law allowing the agency to set lower amounts for a variety of reasons, including slower-than-expected development of certain kinds of non-corn biofuels. The […]

Detailed snapshots of photosynthesis at room temperature using SLAC’s X-ray laser show water-splitting reaction

22 Nov 2016   Biofuels

One of its molecular mysteries of photosynthesis involves how the photosystem II protein complex harvests energy from sunlight and uses it to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Now, an international team of researchers has used femtosecond pulses from an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to capture the highest resolution room-temperature (RT) images of this protein complex, allowing scientists to watch closely how water is split during photosynthesis at the temperature at which it occurs naturally. A paper on the work is published in the journal Nature . The international research team is a long-standing collaboration between SLAC and Berkeley Lab, and includes Humboldt University in Germany, Umeå University and Uppsala […]

NREL and partners build pilot plant to co-process biomass streams with petroleum

18 Oct 2016   Biofuels

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), together with leading petroleum refining technologies supplier W.R. Grace, and leading pilot plant designer Zeton Inc., built a unique pilot-scale facility that can produce biomass-derived fuel intermediates with existing petroleum refinery infrastructure. This pilot plant, constructed in part with funding from the Bioenergy Technologies Office, combines biomass pyrolysis together with fluid catalytic cracking—one of the most important conversion processes used in petroleum refineries—to demonstrate the potential to co-process biomass-derived streams with petroleum, at an industrially-relevant pilot scale. There are 110 domestic fluid catalytic cracking units currently operating in the United States. Using them to co-produce biofuel could enable production of more than 8 billion gallons of bio-derived fuels, without construction of separate biorefineries. This would significantly contribute to the […]

New report suggests bioenergy crops are not a risk to food production

16 Jun 2016   Biofuels

In a new report, researchers have challenged the belief that growing crops for bioenergy will cut food production, a concern they say is stalling new schemes. The report also identifies five ways that countries as diverse as the United States and Brazil can achieve their targets to increase energy security, foster rural economic development and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Experts contributed from ten institutions across Africa, Europe and America, including the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World Bank and Imperial College London in the UK. Previous studies into growing crops for use as fuels have tended to blame bioenergy crops for food shortages. The new open-access report, “Reconciling […]

Researchers Just Solved One of the Biggest Problems for World Hunger

18 May 2016   Biofuels

Planet Earth is doomed with a fast growing global population and a limited amount of farmland to produce food for everyone. That means that we’re going to need to figure out how to maximize what we’ve got—and researchers just made a major breakthrough in getting the most from our crops. Biologists from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have come up with a new agricultural technique which they say increases their crop yields by an incredible 50 percent. The key, they say, lies in figuring out how to use an existing genetic mutation that’s been creating some really weird-looking ears of corn. Scientists have long suspected the existence of a genetic pathway that acts like a set of brakes on a growing corn plant and stop an ear of corn before it got too big. As outlined in a new paper in Nature Genetics , researchers finally identified that pathway. And […]

Biofuel Breakthrough: Production Jumps 64%

5 May 2016   Biofuels

This week I wrote an update on the progress toward cellulosic ethanol commercialization, and given my previous coverage on the topic (especially Why I Don’t Ride a Unicorn to Work ) this seems like an appropriate subject to discuss here. Last week the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced that during the first quarter of 2016, just over 1 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol were produced. In fact, production for the month of March jumped 64 percent from the previous month to 446,000 gallons produced, the highest levels of the modern era. Production this year is well ahead of the pace in 2015, when 2.2 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol were produced for the entire year. So, have we finally […]

A New Source of Liquid Energy?

28 Mar 2016   Biofuels

In the poorest parts of the world, energy is scarce. That is why some scientists are excited about the prospect of generating electricity from urine. Human waste, after all, is the one product that every community has in abundance, and research has demonstrated that a little urine can be used to produce small amounts of electricity in a device called a microbial fuel cell, which relies on bacteria to generate power. The average person puts out a quart or two of urine daily. The problem is the high cost of fuel cells relative to their modest power production. But recently scientists in the U.K. have come up with a way to cut the cost of an experimental fuel cell while boosting its output. The result is a urine-powered fuel cell that is less than an inch square and costs between $1.50 and $3. Power output is still tiny—the cell […]

U.S. refiner biofuels costs top $1 billion, nearing 2013 record

5 Mar 2016   Biofuels, USA

U.S. oil refiners paid more than $1 billion to comply with rules to produce more ethanol-infused gasoline last year, the most in two years, according to filings that will likely intensify the debate over who should foot the bill for the nation’s biofuels programme. Eleven companies, including Valero Energy Corp and Marathon Petroleum Corp, shelled out $1.27 billion last year for credits, known as Renewable Identification Numbers or RINs, as they raced to stock up on paper credits to meet ethanol quotas set by the government after years of delays, according to securities filings reviewed by Reuters. Uncertainty over the Environmental Protection Agency’s plans for its biofuels policy through 2016 also boosted prices of the renewable fuel credits, which were on average 14 percent higher last year than in 2014. The total cost was up by […]

Ethanol pioneer ADM’s struggle reflects deepening industry woes

3 Feb 2016   Biofuels

When Archer Daniels Midland opened two of the country’s largest ethanol plants in Nebraska and Iowa six years ago, the biofuels market was on the cusp of a boom with prices and profits on the rise. Now, the plants are more of a headache for the Chicago-based company, considered an industry pioneer, amid crushed margins and weak prices as the financial success of its almost 40-year- old business fades. In the industry’s first major capitulation to depressed market conditions, ADM’s chief executive, Juan Luciano, on Tuesday said he would consider options, including a sale, for those two plants as well as another in Peoria, Illinois. The three dry-mill ethanol plants, some of the largest in the country, represent just under half of ADM’s 1.8-billion-gallon-per-year U.S. ethanol capacity. The news […]

US Congress approves extension of biodiesel, cellulosic tax credits

19 Dec 2015   Biofuels

The US Senate on Friday passed a tax and spending package that includes a retroactive extension through next year of a $1/gal blenders tax credit for biodiesel and a $1.01/gal production tax credit for cellulosic biofuels. The credits had expired at the end of 2014. The legislation now goes to President Barack Obama, who is expected to sign it into law shortly. The biodiesel industry has warned of layoffs and plant closures if the tax incentives were not extended, while the cellulosic biofuels industry has said its tax credits would help attract investment as it scales up. Article continues below… Platts Global Alert is a complete real-time information service for the global energy industry, providing breaking reports of deals done, price indicators for crude and products and more than 200 end-of-day assessments. Contact Sales More Information Notably, however, the package does not change the biodiesel blenders credit to a […]

Port of Seattle partners with Alaska Airlines and Boeing to supply sustainable aviation biofuel at Sea-Tac Airport

19 Dec 2015   Biofuels

The Port of Seattle, Alaska Airlines and Boeing are partnering to move toward powering all flights by all airlines at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport with sustainable aviation biofuel. Sea-Tac is the first US airport to lay out a long-term roadmap to incorporate aviation biofuel into its infrastructure in a cost-effective, efficient manner. At the Sea-Tac fuel farm earlier this week, executives for the port, Alaska Airlines, and Boeing signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to launch a $250,000 Biofuel Infrastructure Feasibility Study that will assess costs and infrastructure necessary to deliver a blend of aviation biofuel and conventional jet fuel to aircraft at Sea-Tac. The partners’ longer-term plan is to incorporate significant quantities of biofuel into Sea-Tac’s fuel infrastructure, which is used by all 26 airlines and more than 380,000 flights annually at the […]

U.S. oil groups face rising biofuels costs, see higher pump prices

4 Dec 2015   Biofuels

Storage tanks are seen inside the Exxonmobil Baton Rouge Refinery in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, November 6, 2015. U.S. oil companies will likely pay close to $1 billion this year to put more ethanol and renewables in gasoline and diesel and face even higher compliance costs in 2016 after the U.S. government set targets for alternative fuel use above industry expectations. Higher costs could be passed on to consumers, pushing fuel prices higher and prompting further calls from the oil industry for reductions in the quotas. Companies such as Marathon Petroleum Co and Valero Energy Corp are scrambling to digest the requirements for biofuel use set by the Environmental Protection Agency and work out how much they may have to pay for paper credits to help them meet quotas. The EPA’s targets can be met either by blending biofuels such as ethanol into gasoline or by buying credits – known […]

EU clears clean British power plant

A European regulator said the benefits of moving a British power plant from coal to biomass outweigh any concerns about competition stemming from state support. The British government in December 2014 notified the European Commission of plans to subsidize the conversion of the coal-fired Lynemouth power plant, operated by German energy company RWE, to biomass. The project is slated to receive state support until 2027. After a nine-month investigation , the European Commission said there are no major competition concerns resulting from the subsidies. “The commission concluded that the project’s contribution to the European renewable energy and CO2 emissions reduction targets clearly outweighs any potential distortions of competition that could be triggered by the state support,” it said in a statement. The […]

U.S. EPA Boosts Biofuels Targets for 2014-16 Above Proposal

1 Dec 2015   Biofuels

Fuel suppliers will be required to mix 16.93 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol and other renewable fuels into gasoline this year, as part of a long-awaited set of biofuel targets released by U.S. regulators Monday. Oil refiners will have to use 18.11 billion gallons in 2016 based on targets set by the Environmental Protection Agency. The requirements are above ones proposed by the agency in May but are below statutory targets. The levels are part of a program authorized by Congress 10 years ago that requires steadily escalating volumes of biofuels to be blended into the country’s gasoline and diesel fuels. The law, designed to shrink the nation’s dependence on foreign crude and curb greenhouse-gas emissions, has pitted oil companies including Chevron Corp. and Exxon Mobil Corp. that oppose using more biofuels against farmers in the corn-rich Midwest who’ve argued for higher amounts. Ethanol is projected to consume 38 […]